The 2009 Copenhagen Climate Summit (COP15) – Looking back (from Aegina)

The 2009 Copenhagen Climate Summit (COP15) is generally seen as being a catastrophic failure.

There was, however, one little-reported meeting in the context of COP15 that looked as if it might be pointing to future discussions on other – and better – terms, namely the ETC Group’s discussion of geoengineering, including “solar radiation management”.

Activists in Aegina publicized this ETC Group meeting, screening the presentation, and even more importantly, the following discussion.

The Introductory Address at the Aegina meeting gave a summary of the activism of the day, some of which has withstood the test of time, but much not.

What has prevailed internationally is that instead of the deficiencies of the climate debate being addressed, the whole debate has been rejected by official politics in the USA as “a hoax”. (In fact President Trump has said: “A lot of it is a hoax. It’s a money-making industry.”) It has been left to the Chinese to lead contemporary discussion on the (defective) terms of the climate summits.

The ETC group made a timid attempt to rescue τηε subject of climate manipulation from the stigma of being “conspiracy theory”. But they have not succeeded.

Neither has the activism against “geoengineering” succeeded that was initiated in Aegina.


SOURCE (Greek):

In the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 the leaders of around 200 states decided to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases so that the temperature of the planet would fall to levels slightly higher than before the industrial age. If the plan does not succeed the dangerous consequences of climate change will be irreversible and obvious by the end of the century.

Two degrees above the level at which we find ourselves today is regarded by scientists as the tolerable ceiling for global warming. If that is exceeded extreme weather phenomena will be experienced: storms, droughts and a rise in the sea level are some of them. The consequences will be shortages of food and water and an increase in emigration as the planet becomes inhospitable. If we don’t change, this ceiling will be exceeded by 2050..

The leaderships of the countries and the great global polluters, with the attitudes they have adopted to date, can only be described as anything but trustworthy. Trump’s decision to withdraw the USA from the Agreement is the most characteristic.

Given all this, scientists in recent years have put forward many different ideas. One of them is geoengineering, that is to say manipulation of the climate which theoretically could cool the planet and stabilize the environment. There are two kinds of geoengineering: the first has to do with removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. At an industrial level this is already happening, but it is not enough to deal with the massive levels of emissions that are recorded every day. The second has to do with solar radiation management. In this more radical scenario theoretically the level of solar radiation being absorbed by the planet could be reduced by reflecting it away.

One way that this could be done, according to studies, is by spraying reflective particles in the upper levels of the atmosphere. This scheme is based on the cooling potential of volcanoes. The sulphur dioxide that is emitted during eruptions leads to the formation of sulphuric acid, which reflects the solar radiation and cools the planet. But finally the sulphuric acid could destroy the ozone layer, leaving the earth totally vulnerable to solar radiation.

Another solution, less dangerous, is – according to the experts – the reduction of high altitude cloud cover. Clouds that are formed at very high altitudes do not reflect much solar radiation but on the contrary cause a greenhouse effect. The higher they are the more intense the heating. And the warmer the environment the higher the level at which the clouds form. If sulphuric or nitric acid is introduced into these clouds their volume will decrease and they will not have such a heating effect on the surface of the earth. But if the spraying is not conducted carefully it could lead to the formation of more such clouds, with the result that rather than being cooled the planet will be further heated.

Because of these dangers, scientists emphasize that any such scheme must be implemented under very specific conditions, both chronologically and spatially, so as to have optimum effect. One such example would be ice at the poles, so as to stop the melting. But to date these schemes are being questioned by many and even the scientists that support them say that more research is needed.

Comment from W.H.: This “information” from Kouloglou. Up until now the criticism of “chemtrails” activists has mostly focused on the fact that the spraying is not a proposal but a reality. But perhaps the fraud is even worse in the sense that the spraying does not mitigate the global warming but in fact causes it.

Comment from Dylan Jones: Geoengineering is a proposal intended to cover over retrospectively the fact that spraying has been occurring since the onset of global warming and is most certainly intended to heat the planet rather than cool it.

It is an inverse version of the form of Geoengineering known as Thermal Radiation Management which involves the deployment of artificial particles (not sulphuric nor nitric acid) in optimum numbers so as to induce precipitation of higher clouds. In the ongoing reality an overseeding regime of too many particles has been established that increases higher cloud cover and consequent warming.

The form of Geoengineering known as Solar Radiation Management involving the spraying of sulphates to reflect sunlight would only be effective over regions close to the equator.

Finally, the Paris agreement cap of 2 degrees was an increase from pre-industrial levels not from today and if you think extreme weather, shortages of food and water and migration is a problem only looming in the future, you need to look out the window.

Ντε Μόιν Αϊόβα – Κάρυστος αδελφές πόλεις : Στο έλεος των κερδοσκόπων του ανέμου

Ντε Μόιν Αϊόβα – Κάρυστος αδελφές πόλεις : Στο έλεος των κερδοσκόπων του ανέμου

Η αγροτική Αμερική δεν θέλει να γίνει αμερικανική μονάδα παραγωγής ηλεκτρικής ενέργειας ( Keryn Newman | StopPATH WV | 6/26/2017 |

(Mετάφραση Βασιλική Βαρελά)

Όπως η Νότια Εύβοια δεν θα γίνει η μπαταρία της Ελλάδος (Εφημερίδα των Συντακτών)

Ένας φίλος μου έστειλε ένα μήνυμα που έφερε στην επιφάνεια μία μικρή αλήθεια πού η αστική Αμερική πρέπει να αποδεχθεί. Η Αγροτική Αμερική δεν θέλει να γίνει η μονάδα παραγωγής ενέργειας για την αστική Αμερική. Ο Donald Trump βρισκόταν πρόσφατα στην Αϊόβα και εξέδωσε μία ανακοίνωση που επικρίνει την αιολική ενέργεια. Τα μέσα ενημέρωσης πήδησαν στο αλογο της προπαγάνδας για να επισημάνουν ότι η Αϊόβα αγαπά τον άνεμο και παίρνει το 36,6% της ενέργειας της από τον άνεμο. Η ιστορία ήταν ότι ο Trump ήταν μία μόνη επικριτική φωνή και ότι οι επαρχιώτες είναι ευτυχείς να αποκομίσουν κέρδη και θέσεις εργασίας από τον άνεμο και κανείς δεν σκέφτεται αν θα γίνει η ενεργειακή δύναμη της Αμερικής. Αυτό δεν είναι αλήθεια, σύμφωνα με τους συνεργάτες μου στην Αϊόβα. Υπάρχει σοβαρή αντίσταση στην αιολική βιομηχανία στην Αϊόβα και σε άλλες αγροτικές χώρες. Το γνωρίζω ήδη αυτό, αλλά πολλοί προτιμούν αντ’αυτού να πιστέψουν τη ρόδινη εικόνα ζωγραφισμένη από μια βιομηχανία που κερδίζει πολλά χρήματα εκμεταλλευόμενη την αγροτική Αμερική.

Ποια είναι η διαφορά μεταξύ του τι συνέβη στη Δυτική Βιρτζίνια πριν από εκατό χρόνια και τι συμβαίνει τώρα στη Μεσοδυτική Αμερική; Οχι πολύ μεγάλη. Οι εξωκοινοτικές επιχειρήσεις εισέβαλαν και αγόρασαν τη γη και τους ανθρώπους για να τις εκμεταλλευτούν για εταιρικό κέρδος. Οι άνθρωποι έλεγαν ότι ήταν μια μεγάλη ευκαιρία για δουλειές και φορολογικά έσοδα και έγιναν τόσο εξαρτημένοι από έναν και μόνο κλάδο (δηλ.την εξόρυξη άνθρακα για παραγωγή ενέργειας) που δεν μπορούσαν να επιβιώσουν χωρίς αυτό. Η ενέργεια έγινε το μοναδικό παιχνίδι στην πόλη και οι πολιτικοί και οι κερδοσκόποι αρνήθηκαν να εκφράσουν οποιαδήποτε κριτική, παρά την πραγματικότητα ότι αυτή η τακτική καταστρέφει πραγματικά την πολιτεία. Και τότε, ακριβώς έτσι, η ενέργεια δεν ήταν πλέον βιώσιμη για την πολιτεία, επειδή η κοινωνία είχε προχωρήσει πέρα απο αυτήν την ιδιαίτερη μορφή ενέργειας. Και η πολιτεία εγινε ενας σωρός από ερείπια, καθώς οι εταιρείες έτρεξαν στο επόμενο μεγάλο χρυσωρυχείο ενέργειας. Όσοι αρνούνται να μάθουν από την ιστορία είναι μοιραίο να επαναλαμβάνουν τα ίδια λάθη.

Η αιολική ενέργεια βασίζεται σε πιστώσεις φόρου. Οι εταιρείες που κατασκευάζουν αιολικά πάρκα στηρίζονται στην “καλή διάθεση”των αμερικανών φορολογουμένων. Όταν σταματήσει η μεγαλοθυμία της κυβέρνησης, τοτε θα σταματήσει και η κατασκευή αιολικών σταθμών. Εν τω μεταξύ, οι εταιρείες αιολικής ενέργειας αγωνίζονται απεγνωσμένα, τρελά, προσπαθώντας να δημιουργήσουν νέους παραγωγούς φορολογικών πιστώσεων, όσο εξακολουθούν να μπορούν. Και η αγροτική Αμερική αντιστέκεται.

Τι είπε ο Donald Trump; «Δεν θέλω απλώς να ελπίζω ότι ο άνεμος φυσά για να ανάψει το σπίτι σου και το εργοστάσιό σου …» Ο άνεμος είναι ένας διαλείπων πόρος. Δεν φυσάει συνεχώς με σταθερή ταχύτητα. Εάν η Αϊόβα ήταν 100% εξαρτώμενη από την αιολική ενέργεια, τα σπίτια και τα φώτα εργοστασίων θα ανέβαιναν και θα χαμήλωναν σαν τον άνεμο. Είδα μια άλλη προπαγανδιστική εκπομπή την περασμένη εβδομάδα που υποστήριζε ότι το τρένο ενός ευρωπαϊκού κράτους λειτουργεί με «100% αιολική ενέργεια».

Τα ηλεκτρόνια είναι όλα τα ίδια χρώματα, είτε δημιουργούνται από άνθρακα ή άνεμο, και όλα αναμιγνύονται όταν συνδυάζονται στο ηλεκτρικό δίκτυο. Διαφορετικά, το τρένο θα ξεκινήσει και θα σταματήσει, θα επιβραδυνθεί και θα επιταχυνθεί, με βάση την πτώση του ανέμου. Προς τούτο, άλλες μορφές παραγωγής ενέργειας πρέπει να υποστηρίξουν διαλείποντες πόρους για να παρέχουν μια σταθερή ροή ενέργειας. Σε κάποιο σημείο, ο άνεμος φτάνει στον κορεσμό σε μια γεωγραφική περιοχή και λαμβάνοντας υπόψη ότι η αγροτική Αμερική δεν χρησιμοποιεί πολλή ενέργεια σε σύγκριση με την αστική Αμερική, η Αϊόβα μπορεί να βρίσκεται στο σημείο κορεσμού της.

Ωστόσο, οι πιστώσεις φόρου εξακολουθούν να είναι καλές για άλλα 3 χρόνια και, μόλις αδειοδοτηθεί ένα αιολικό πάρκο, μπορεί να αντλήσει από αυτή την πίστωση για 10 χρόνια. Όταν η τελευταία μεγάλη ριπή ανέμου χτιστεί σε 3 χρόνια και όταν λήξει η δεκαετής κλήρωση των κερδών των φορολογουμένων, η Αϊόβα θα μείνει με ένα νεκροταφείο σπασμένων ανεμογεννητριών με υπερβολικά δαπανηρή την επισκευή τους και οι οποίες χωρίς φορολογικές πιστώσεις, δεν θα έχει νόημα να αντικατασταθούν.

Αλλά η αιολική βιομηχανία πρέπει να χτίσει ΤΩΡΑ, ακόμη και αν η Αϊόβα δεν μπορεί να χρησιμοποιήσει την παραπάνω ενέργεια, έτσι οι εταιρείες πρεπει να την εξάγουν. Και το επόμενο πράγμα πού θα δείτε είναι οτι κάποιος καουμπόη θέλει να χτίσει γιγαντιαίες γραμμές μεταφοράς για εξαγωγή. Ενώ η φιλοξενία των ανεμογεννητριών είναι εντελώς εθελοντική εκ μέρους του γαιοκτήμονα (και κάποιοι ισχυρίζονται ότι ο ιδιοκτήτης γης αποζημιώνεται αρκετά γενναιόδωρα για τη μίσθωση γης), η γραμμή μεταφοράς του καουμπόη θεωρείται βασικός τομέας για να αναγκάσει τους ιδιοκτήτες γης να φιλοξενήσουν τους πύργους του ενάντια στην θέληση τους. Υπάρχει μια πλήρης αποσύνδεση εδώ – εάν οι αιολικές μονάδες είναι εθελοντικές, τότε η υποδομή τους πρέπει να ειναι επίσης εθελοντική. Αλλά δεν είναι. Και η αγροτική Αμερική αντιτίθεται στο να θυσιάσει την παραγωγικότητα και τον τρόπο ζωής της προς όφελος των κερδών του μεγάλου ανέμου και των περιβαλλοντικών ονείρων των ηλεκτρικών καταναλωτών σε άλλα κράτη.

Αυτό το άρθρο κάνει μια προσπάθεια για ισορροπημένη πληροφόρηση. Αυτή είναι η ιστορία που η αστική Αμερική δεν ακούει ποτέ. Και οι λίγοι που το ακούν, λένε σε αυτούς που ζουν στο αιολικό δρομάκι ότι οι επικρίσεις τους για τον βιομηχανικό άνεμο δεν είναι αληθινές ή ότι πρέπει να το πιπιλίζουν ή ότι η κριτική του μεγάλου ανέμου είναι μια μαριονέτα κάλτσας των αδελφών Κόουκ.

Όπως σχολίασε ένας κάτοικος Αιόβας θα έχετε γίνει αποτελεσματικοί στον αντίλογο σας μόνο οταν κάποιος αλαζονικός αστικός περιβαλλοντολόγος ενοχληθεί και σας κατηγορήσει ότι χρηματιστήκατε από τη βιομηχανία ορυκτών καυσίμων.

Αφήνοντας κατά μέρος τους πολιτικούς και τους αιολικούς οικοδεσπότες και τις εταιρείες που τους χρηματοδοτούν με ένα μικρό μέρος των κερδών τους, όλη η «υποστήριξη» του μεγάλου ανέμου προέρχεται από αστικούς οικολόγους που δεν ζουν εκεί.

Αυτό συχνά εκφράζεται αρκετά αλαζονικά από ανθρώπους που θέλουν να σώσουν τον πλανήτη σε βάρος κάποιου άλλου. Είναι απογοητευμένοι, είναι αλαζόνες και δεν θέλουν να φιλοξενήσουν ενεργειακή υποδομή στις δικές τους κοινότητες. Ψάχνουν για το επόμενο patsy, επειδή η εισαγωγή άνθρακα με καύση από τη Δυτική Βιρτζίνια είναι τώρα τόσο gauche.

Δεν πρόκειται να αναλάβουμε την ευθύνη για τις δικές τους ανάγκες (κάτι που η αγροτική Αμερική είναι πολύ εξοικειωμένη), διοτι είναι απαράδεκτο να ζητούν απο άλλους να αναλάβουν την ευθύνη και να θυσιαστουν για τις ανάγκες τους.

Η δικτατορική υπαγόρευση στην αγροτική Αμερική για το τι πρέπει να κάνει είναι μοιραίο να μην πάει πάρα πολύ καλά. Η αγροτική Αμερική δεν αποτελείται από ηλίθιους και δεν θέλει να αντιμετωπίζεται ως τέτοια.

Και θα συνεχίσει να αντιστέκονται στην αστική Αμερική μέχρι να σταματήσει η αλαζονεία. Όλοι έχουν σημασία ή κανείς δεν έχει σημασία. Εκείνοι που πιστεύουν ότι είναι τόσο έξυπνοι ώστε να μπορούν να ελέγξουν την αγροτική Αμερική σαν μαϊμού με ένα λουρί απλά δεν φαίνεται να κατανοούν γιατί συνεχίζουν να χάνουν. Πρέπει να έρθουμε σε ισορροπία. Αν αγαπάτε την αιολική ενέργεια, εσείς της αστικής Αμερικής, βάλτε την στο δικό σας κατώφλι.

Η Αγροτική Αμερική δεν θέλει να γίνει η μονάδα παραγωγής ενέργειας.

Οι διευθύνσεις URL σε αυτήν την ανάρτηση:

[1] μια άλλη:



Στην Συμφωνία για το Κλίμα στο Παρίσι το 2015, οι ηγέτες περίπου 200 κρατών αποφάσισαν να μειώσουν τις εκπομπές αερίων του θερμοκηπίου ώστε να πέσει η θερμοκρασία του πλανήτη σε επίπεδα λίγο μεγαλύτερα από ό,τι πριν από την μεταβιομηχανική εποχή. Εάν το σχέδιο δεν πετύχει οι επικίνδυνες επιπτώσεις της κλιματικής αλλαγής θα είναι μη αναστρέψιμες και εμφανείς μέχρι το τέλος του αιώνα.

Οι δυο βαθμοί πάνω από εκείνο το όριο, όπου και βρισκόμαστε σήμερα, θεωρούνται από τους επιστήμονες το κατώφλι της υπερθέρμανσης του πλανήτη. Εάν ξεπεραστεί το στάδιο αυτό, ακραία καιρικά φαινόμενα θα καταγράφονται πιο συχνά: καταιγίδες, ξηρασίες και η άνοδος της στάθμης της θάλασσας θεωρούνται κάποια από αυτά. Οι συνέπειές τους θα είναι η έλλειψη τροφής και νερού και η αύξηση της μετανάστευσης όσο ο πλανήτης θα γίνεται αφιλόξενος. Εάν δεν αλλάξουμε, το κατώφλι αυτό θα ξεπεραστεί μέχρι το 2050.

Οι ηγεσίες των χωρών και οι μεγάλοι παγκόσμιοι ρυπαντές, με τη στάση τους μέχρι σήμερα, μόνο φερέγγυοι δεν μπορούν να χαρακτηριστούν. Η απόφαση του Τράμπ να αποσύρει τις ΗΠΑ από την Συμφωνία είναι η πιο χαρακτηριστική.

Σε αυτό το πλαίσιο, οι επιστήμονες τα τελευταία χρόνια έχουν ρίξει πολλές ιδέες στο τραπέζι. Μια από αυτές είναι γαιομηχανική, δηλαδή η χειραγώγηση του κλίματος που θεωρητικά θα μπορούσε να ψύξει τον πλανήτη και να σταθεροποιήσει το περιβάλλον. Υπάρχουν δυο είδη γεωμηχανικής: Το πρώτο έχει να κάνει με την αφαίρεση του διοξειδίου του άνθρακα από την ατμόσφαιρα. Σε βιομηχανικό επίπεδο αυτό γίνεται ήδη, αλλά δεν είναι ικανό να ανταπεξέλθει στις ογκώδεις εκπομπές που καταγράφονται καθημερινά. Το δεύτερο είδος έχει να κάνει με την διαχείριση της ηλιακής ακτινοβολίας. Κατ’ αυτό το πιο ριζοσπαστικό σενάριο θα μπορούσε θεωρητικά να μειωθεί η ποσότητα ηλιακής ακτινοβολίας που απορροφά ο πλανήτης αντανακλώντας την μακριά.

Ένας τρόπος για να γίνει αυτό, σύμφωνα με μελέτες, είναι ο ψεκασμός αντανακλαστικών αερίων στα υψηλά στρώματα της ατμόσφαιρας. Το σχέδιο αυτό βασίζεται στις ψυκτικές ικανότητες των ηφαιστείων. Το διοξείδιο του θείου που εκλύεται από τις εκρήξεις προκαλεί τον σχηματισμό του θειϊκού οξέως, που αντανακλά την ηλιακή ακτινοβολία και ψύχει την ατμόσφαιρα. Όμως τελικά το θειϊκό οξύ μπορεί να καταστρέψει το όζον αφήνοντας την Γη τελείως ευάλωτη στην ακτινοβολία του Ήλιου.

Μια άλλη λύση, λιγότερο επικίνδυνη, είναι κατά τους ειδικούς η συρρίκνωση των νεφελωμάτων σε μεγάλο ύψος. Τα νεφελώματα που σχηματίζονται σε τέτοιο ύψος δεν αντανακλούν πολύ ακτινοβολία αλλά αντιθέτως δημιουργούν ένα φαινόμενο του θερμοκηπίου. Όσο ψηλότερα βρίσκονται τόσο πιο έντονες οι θερμαντικές τους επιπτώσεις. Και όσο πιο θερμό είναι το περιβάλλον, τόσο πιο ψηλά σχηματίζονται αυτά τα σύννεφα. Εάν σε αυτά τα σύννεφα εισαχθεί θειϊκό ή νιτρικό οξύ, θα μειωθεί ο όγκος τους και δεν θα θερμαίνουν την επιφάνεια της Γης σε τέτοιο βαθμό. Εάν όμως ο ψεκασμός δεν γίνει προσεκτικά θα μπορούσε να οδηγήσει στον σχηματισμό περισσότερων τέτοιων νεφελωμάτων, με αποτέλεσμα αντί να ψυχθεί ο πλανήτης να υπερθερμανθεί.

Εξαιτίας αυτών των κινδύνων οι επιστήμονες τονίζουν ότι οποιοδήποτε τέτοιο σχέδιο πρέπει να εφαρμοστεί σε πολύ συγκεκριμένα χρονικά και τοπικά όρια, ώστε να είναι όσο το δυνατόν πιο αποτελεσματικό. Ένα τέτοιο παράδειγμα θα ήταν οι πάγοι στους πόλους ώστε να σταματήσει το λιώσιμο. Μέχρι στιγμής, πάντως, τα σχέδια αυτά αμφισβητούνται από πολλούς ενώ ακόμη και οι ίδιοι οι επιστήμονες που τα υποστηρίζουν τονίζουν ότι χρειάζεται περισσότερη έρευνα.

Σχόλιο από Wayne Hall: Αυτή η “πληροφορία από τον Κούλογλου”. Μέχρι τώρα η κριτική των ακτιβιστών “chemtrails” επικέντρωνε ως επί το πλείστον στο γεγονός ότι αυτοί οι ψεκασμοί δεν είναι πρόταση αλλά πραγματικότητα. Ίσως είναι όμως ακόμα χειρώτερη η απάτη με την έννοια ότι οι ψεκασμοί δεν μετριάζουν την παγκόσμια υπερθέρμανση αλλά δημιουργούν την παγκόσμια υπερθέρμανση;


Seven Ways to Transform 21st-Century Economics — and Economists

Source: Direct Democracy Press

Economics matters enormously for the future, but its fundamental ideas are centuries out of date.

By Kate Raworth

(Kate Raworth is a senior visiting research associate at Oxford University’s Environmental Change Institute and a senior associate of the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership. Her new book is Doughnut Economics: seven ways to think like a 21st century economist.)

No one can deny it: economics matters. Its theories are the mother tongue of public policy, the rationale for multi-billion-dollar investments, and the tools used to tackle global poverty and manage our planetary home. Pity then that its fundamental ideas are centuries out of date yet still dominate decision-making for the future.

Today’s economics students will be among the influential citizens and policymakers shaping human societies in 2050. But the economic mindset that they are being taught is rooted in the textbooks of 1950 which, in turn, are grounded in the theories of 1850. Given the challenges of the 21st century—from climate change and extreme inequalities to recurring financial crises—this is shaping up to be a disaster. We stand little chance of writing a new economic story that is fit for our times if we keep falling back on last-century’s economic storybooks.

When I studied economics at university 25 years ago I believed it would empower me to help tackle humanity’s social and environmental challenges. But like many of today’s disillusioned students its disconnect from relevance and reality left me deeply frustrated. So I walked away from its theories and immersed myself in real-world economic challenges, from the villages of Zanzibar to the headquarters of the United Nations, and on to the campaign frontlines of Oxfam.

In the process I realized the obvious: that you can’t walk away from economics because it frames the world we inhabit, so I decided to walk back towards it and flip it on its head. What if we started economics with humanity’s goals for the 21st century, and then asked what economic mindset would give us half a chance of achieving them?

Spurred on by this question, I pushed aside my old economics textbooks and sought out the best emerging ideas that I could find, drawing on diverse schools of thought including complexity, ecological, feminist, behavioural and institutional economics, and set out to discover what happens when they all dance on the same page. The insights that I drew out imply that the economic future will be fascinating, but wildly unlike the past, so long as we equip ourselves with the mindset needed to take it on. So here are seven ways in which I believe we can all start to think like 21st century economists:

  1. Change the goal: from GDP growth to the Doughnut.

For over half a century, economists have fixated on GDP as the first measure of economic progress, but GDP is a false goal waiting to be ousted. The 21st century calls for a far more ambitious and global economic goal: meeting the needs of all within the means of the planet. Draw that goal on the page and – odd though it sounds – it comes out looking like a doughnut. The challenge now is to create local to global economies that ensure that no one falls short on life’s essentials – from food and housing to healthcare and political voice – while safeguarding Earth’s life-giving systems, from a stable climate and fertile soils to healthy oceans and a protective ozone layer. This single switch of purpose transforms the meaning and shape of economic progress: from endless growth to thriving in balance.

  1. See the big picture: from self-contained market to embedded economy.

Exactly 70 years ago in April 1947, an ambitious band of economists crafted a neoliberal story of the economy and, since Thatcher and Reagan came to power in the 1980s, it has dominated the international stage. Its narrative about the efficiency of the market, the incompetence of the state, the domesticity of the household and the tragedy of the commons, has helped to push many societies towards social and ecological collapse. It’s time to write a new economic story fit for this century – one that sees the economy’s dependence upon society and the living world. This story must recognize the power of the market—so let’s embed it wisely; the partnership of the state—so let’s hold it to account; the core role of the household—so let’s value its contribution; and the creativity of the commons—so let’s unleash their potential.

  1. Nurture human nature: from rational economic man to social adaptable humans.

The character at the heart of 20th century economics—‘rational economic man’—presents a pitiful portrait of humanity: he stands alone, with money in his hand, a calculator in his head, ego in his heart, and nature at his feet. Worse, when we are told that he is like us, we actually start to become more like him, to the detriment of our communities and the planet. But human nature is far richer than this, as emerging sketches of our new self-portrait reveal: we are reciprocating, interdependent, approximating people deeply embedded within the living world. It’s time to put this new portrait of humanity at the heart of economic theory so that economics can start to nurture the best of human nature. Doing so will give us—all ten billion of us to come—a far greater chance of thriving together.

  1. Get savvy with systems: from mechanical equilibrium to dynamic complexity.

Economics has long suffered from physics envy: awed by the genius of Isaac Newton and his insights into the physical laws of motion, 19th century economists became fixated on discovering economic laws of motion. But these simply don’t exist: they are mere models, just like the theory of market equilibrium which blinded economists to the looming financial crash of 2008. That’s why 21st-century economists embrace complexity and evolutionary thinking instead. Putting dynamic thinking at the heart of economics opens up new insights for understanding the rise of the one percent and the boom and bust of financial markets. It’s time to stop searching for the economy’s elusive control levers (they don’t exist), and instead start stewarding the economy as an ever-evolving system.

  1. Design to distribute: from ‘growth will even it up again’ to distributive by design.

In the 20th century economic theory whispered a powerful message when it comes to inequality: it has to get worse before it can get better, and growth will eventually even things up. But extreme inequality, as it turns out, is not an economic law or necessity: it is a design failure. Twenty-first century economists recognize that there are many ways to design economies to be far more distributive of value among those who help to generate it. And that means going beyond redistributing income to pre-distributing wealth, such as the wealth that lies in controlling land, enterprise, and the power to create money.

  1. Create to regenerate: from ‘growth will clean it up again’ to regenerative by design.

Economic theory has long portrayed a clean environment as a luxury good, affordable only for the well-off—a view that says that pollution has to increase before it can decline, and (guess what), growth will eventually clean it up. But as with inequality there is no such economic law: environmental degradation is the result of degenerative industrial design. This century calls for economic thinking that unleashes the potential of regenerative design in order to create a circular, not linear, economy—and to restore ourselves as full participants in Earth’s cyclical processes of life.

7. Be Agnostic about Growth: from growth-addicted to growth-agnostic.

To the alarm of governments and financiers, forecasts for GDP growth in many high-income countries are flat-lining, opening up a crisis in growth-based economics. Mainstream economics views endless GDP growth as a must, but nothing in nature grows forever, and the economic attempt to buck that trend is raising tough questions in high-income but low-growth countries. That’s because today we have economies that need to grow, whether or not they make us thrive. What we need are economies that make us thrive, whether or not they grow. That radical flip in perspective invites us to become agnostic about growth and to explore how our economies—which are currently financially, politically and socially addicted to growth—could learn to live with or without it.

I am convinced that these seven ways to think like a 21st-century economist are fundamental to the new economic mindset this century demands. Their principles and patterns will equip new economic thinkers—and the inner economist in us all—to start creating an economy that enables everyone to prosper. Given the speed, scale and uncertainty of change that we face in coming years—and the diversity of contexts from Beijing to Birmingham to Bamako—it would be foolhardy to attempt to prescribe now all the policies and institutions that will be fit for the future. The coming generation of thinkers and doers will be far better placed to experiment and discover what works as the context continually changes.

What we can do now—and must do well—is to bring together the best ideas to create a new economic mindset that is never fixed but always evolving. The task for economic thinkers in the decades ahead will be to bring these seven ways of thinking together in practice, and to add to them. We have barely set out on this adventure in rethinking economics. Please join the crew.

Comment from W. Hall

Unfortunately the logic of “sustainability” activists is undermined by the same realities as undermine the US campaign “against” ISIS. The US claims to be fighting ISIS but in fact has created and sustains ISIS. Similarly with climate change. The Paris climate agreement claims to be a way of “dealing with” climate change (through profitable taxation, among other things, and emissions trading of ”bads”). But policy on global warming for decades has been to create it through climate modification (a generation ago the “ice age” was perceived as being a problem, suggesting that global warming would be a good idea). Climate modification is marketed as a way of “mitigating” global warming, but its effect is to exacerbate it. Trump has spoilt this game by saying that climate change is a fraud and radically modifying US environmental policy. This has prompted the military to come out against him in defence of the Paris climate agreement. Climate change has always been their business but now they are having to defend it against the presidency. Of course there is nothing pro-environmental about Trump’s policies. The same environmentally destructive practices continue as before. But the Paris climate agreement involves an element of taxation of big corporations that is not of any interest to Trump’s backers. It also involves taxation of the rest of us. But the military relies on state support, and on taxation, so they are going to be “with the ecologists” when it comes to climate policy. Ecologists will continue ineffective protests against secondary symptoms of this alliance, but the alliance is more securely based than the protests against it.

Varoufakis made comments against the neoliberal assumptions underlying emissions trading in his Guardian “Erratic Marxist” interview but unfortunately has not paid any systematic attention to the ideas whose surface he skims in the interview.

Kate Raworth’s “21st century economics” in a way spoils a familiar type of bipolar “divide and rule”, where the bad guys are entrepreneurs who think only about profit and the good guys are the socialists and ecologists, who are moral. Expelled from the scenario are the “conspiracy theorists” who suggest that the bad guys might really have something more than just their profits on their mind.  Under “21st century economics” the entrepreneurs will become good guys, leaving today’s good guys at a loss because they will have to find a new role and a new justification for their existence.

This comment was initially published at DiEM25’s unofficial Facebook page launched by “Een Don Quicot” just prior to DiEM 25’s official inauguration in Berlin.


By Catherine J Frompovich


Geoscientist J. Marvin Herndon, PhD, of the Transdyne Corporation, published a provocative paper April 21, 2017 in the Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, titled “Evidence of Variable Earth-heat Production, Global Non-anthropogenic Climate Change, and Geoengineered Global Warming and Polar Melting.” [1]

Readers may remember I’ve featured Dr Herndon’s innovative scientific research regarding weather geoengineering a couple of times: “Weather Geoengineering, Chemtrails, Aluminum and Alzheimer’s: The Four Horsemen Of The Weather Apocalypse,” and “Intentional Efforts To Cause Global Warming And Glacier Melting Indication Scientifically Found.”

One of the more revealing concepts Dr Herndon mentions in his recent article is something not many are willing to acknowledge as the cause of much grief affecting humans and the environment: During the past 38 years, the standards of scientific inquiry have changed, particularly among those who depend upon government support. Logic-based challenges to current thinking have largely been replaced by consensus conformity.”

Sciences specifically affected by “consensus conformity” include, among others, the health sciences, especially vaccinology, or the ‘science’ of vaccines—more like pseudoscience, I offer, and microwave science, which lags behind from the World War II era in recognizing only thermal waves but not health-damaging non-thermal radiation waves [2].

As Dr Herndon states, The oceans are our planet’s major reservoir for CO2.”  OMG, how will they ever collect carbon taxes from the oceans?  Or from humans, who exhale it with every outbreath? Isn’t that quite an insurmountable problem? Or, will they impose human CO2 taxes for our polluting the planet just by living and breathing on what cabal controllers ‘think’ is their scientific playground?  Please excuse my tongue-in-cheekiness.

However, in Dr Herndon’s latest paper, we find questions [3], which need answering—and very soon.

  • As NOAA and NASA are both prime sources of data utilized in climate models and assessments, and are apparently participants in the global covert tropospheric geoengineering activity, how objective are their data?
  • Indeed, what are the purposes of spraying a toxic substance into the air we breathe on a near-daily, near-global basis? Surely, those closely connected with the operation know that it causes global warming and polar ice melting.
  • Do government leaders realize that the intent of these covert geoengineering efforts is to cause global warming? Or are leaders being deceived, told that the tropospheric aerosol spraying is to prevent global warming?
  • Is it being done to get at the petroleum and other natural resources beneath polar ice?
  • Is tropospheric geoengineering being done to cause global warming so as to provide a basis for the United Nations to take control of major elements of sovereign nations’ economies? Or are more sinister motives involved?
  • The military has researched weaponizing weather since 1947, but at what cost to human and environmental health? What have leaders been told that makes them acquiesce to a program that is no less than an assault on planet Earth?
  • Who profits from this?
  • Why are scientists promoting the idea of future geoengineering when they know, or certainly ought to know, that tropospheric geoengineering has been ongoing nearly worldwide for decades.”

Nevertheless, the scientific “nitty-gritty” aspects of Dr Herndon’s paper, I think, can be found in his discussion of COVERT GEOENGINEERING CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL WARMING.”  Here’s what he says in part:

Geoengineering is defined here as deliberate, large-scale activities aimed at modifying weather/climate systems [i.e., from the troposphere to the stratosphere to the ionosphere — all natural systems]. Weather modification programs have been employed by many nations at least since the 1960s, that is for over half a century, typically for agricultural purposes.”


There has not only been great secrecy involved, but governments have deceived citizens, either denying the aerial activity or falsely asserting that the observed aerial trails are simply contrails, ice crystals formed from water vapor in jet exhaust. In 2005 the United States Air Force distributed to government agencies and published online a document entitled “Contrails Facts” [65] which blatantly denied the existence of the observed particulate trails and falsely asserted that they are contrails.

65., Accessed April 17, 2017.


There is good evidence that the main particulate matter being sprayed into the troposphere worldwide is coal fly ash, the light ash from coal combustion by electric power companies that is considered to be too toxic to be allowed to exit smokestacks in Western nations [63,66-68].

>63. Herndon JM. Adverse agricultural consequences of weather modification. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science. 2016;38:213-221.

66. Herndon JM, Whiteside M. Further evidence of coal fly ash utilization in tropospheric geoengineering: Implications on human and environmental health. J. Geog. Environ. Earth Sci. Intn. 2017;9: 1-8.

67. Herndon JM. Aluminum poisoning of humanity and earth’s biota by clandestine geoengineering activity: Implications for India. Curr. Sci. 2015;108:2173-2177.

68. Herndon JM. Obtaining evidence of coal fly ash content in weather modification (geoengineering) through analyses of postaerosol spraying rainwater and solid substances. Ind. J. Sci. Res. and Tech. 2016;4:30-36.


In the midst of official denial and misrepresentation, one can deduce from physical effects the purposes, if not the motives, for the near-daily, near-global coal fly ash tropospheric geoengineering. Aerosolized coal fly ash retards the fall of rain, at least until clouds become so overburdened that they let go with torrential downpours and storms. Coal fly ash makes atmospheric moisture more electrically conducting, which may be useful in military electromagnetic activities [69]. Coal fly ash sprayed into the troposphere heats the atmosphere, and retards heat loss from Earth’s surface thus enhancing global warming. As coal fly ash settles to the ground, its typically dark gray color absorbs sunlight and alters albedo, again enhancing global warming [66].

69. Bertell R. Planet earth, the latest weapon of war: A critical study into the military and the environment. The Women’s Press: London; 2000.

Dr Herndon’s remarks in the above last paragraph certainly are incriminating about global warming being a man-made (anthropogenic) tragedy, along with an experiment all humans are forced to participate in unknowingly, unwillingly and in defiance of the Nuremberg Code [4].

n the Conclusions of his article, Dr Herndon offers these bone-chilling remarks:

Tropospheric aerosolized particulates, evidenced as coal fly ash, inhibit rainfall, heat the atmosphere, and enhance global warming. Evidence obtained from an accidental aerial release of an engineered material indicates there is an effort to melt glacial ice and thus enhance global warming. By ignoring ongoing tropospheric geoengineering, the IPCC climate assessments as well as the moral authority of the United Nations are compromised.

Fig. 7. Three aircraft flying simultaneously in the same physical environment in which contrail formation is possible in the air above Tucson, Arizona (USA) in 2011. Note that two display short contrails characteristic of rapid ice evaporation. The lengthy trail across the sky is not a contrail – otherwise it would have evaporated as quickly, and been as short, as the other two. Rather, the long trail is formed by emplaced particulate matter. Courtesy of Bornfree and Russ Tanner [from Dr Herndon’s paper]

Dr Herndon’s latest paper is written in scientific language.  However, I encourage readers to ‘plough’ through it, as it explains much of what needs to be understood about how not only weather is being manipulated, but science, the environment and humans, as a result of clandestine mechanisms.  I wish more humans were interested enough to oppose what’s happening to us and our beloved planet.

Thank you, Dr Herndon, for your unfailing scientific efforts.


[1] Article:

In Spanish:


[3] Press Release:

In Spanish:


  1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential.
  2. The experiment should be such as to yield fruitful results for the good of society, unprocurable by other methods or means of study, and not random and unnecessary in nature.
  3. The experiment should be so designed and based on the results of animal experimentation and a knowledge of the natural history of the disease or other problem under study, that the anticipated results will justify the performance of the experiment.
  4. The experiment should be so conducted as to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and injury.
  5. No experiment should be conducted, where there is an a priori reason to believe that death or disabling injury will occur; except, perhaps, in those experiments where the experimental physicians also serve as subjects.
  6. The degree of risk to be taken should never exceed that determined by the humanitarian importance of the problem to be solved by the experiment.
  7. Proper preparations should be made and adequate facilities provided to protect the experimental subject against even remote possibilities of injury, disability, or death.
  8. The experiment should be conducted only by scientifically qualified persons. The highest degree of skill and care should be required through all stages of the experiment of those who conduct or engage in the experiment.
  9. During the course of the experiment, the human subject should be at liberty to bring the experiment to an end, if he has reached the physical or mental state, where continuation of the experiment seemed to him to be impossible.
  10. During the course of the experiment, the scientist in charge must be prepared to terminate the experiment at any stage, if he has probable cause to believe, in the exercise of the good faith, superior skill and careful judgement required of him, that a continuation of the experiment is likely to result in injury, disability, or death to the experimental subject.

Catherine J Frompovich (website) is a retired natural nutritionist who earned advanced degrees in Nutrition and Holistic Health Sciences, Certification in Orthomolecular Theory and Practice plus Paralegal Studies. Her work has been published in national and airline magazines since the early 1980s. Catherine authored numerous books on health issues along with co-authoring papers and monographs with physicians, nurses, and holistic healthcare professionals. She has been a consumer healthcare researcher 35 years and counting.

Catherine’s latest book, published October 4, 2013, is Vaccination Voodoo, What YOU Don’t Know About Vaccines, available on

Her 2012 book A Cancer Answer, Holistic BREAST Cancer Management, A Guide to Effective & Non-Toxic Treatments, is available on and as a Kindle eBook.

Two of Catherine’s more recent books on are Our Chemical Lives And The Hijacking Of Our DNA, A Probe Into What’s Probably Making Us Sick(2009) and Lord, How Can I Make It Through Grieving My Loss, An Inspirational Guide Through the Grieving Process (2008)

Catherine’s NEW book: Eat To Beat Disease, Foods Medicinal Qualities ©2016Catherine J Frompovich is now available



The ongoing global geoengineering assault has long since inflicted catastrophic and irreparable damage to the biosphere, climate, and life support systems of our planet (along with countless other forms of anthropogenic activity). It is truly incomprehensible that such blatantly obvious “climate intervention” programs can be carried out in skies all over the world, in plain site (for over 70 years), and still be officially denied. 3321

Geoengineered skies, Clarksville, Tennessee. Photo credit: Brandy Glick

Though all former US administrations at least publicly pretended to care about the environment (while carrying out business as usual behind the scenes), the Trump administration doesn’t even go that far. The excerpts below were taken from a new UK Guardian article titled “Trump Presidency Opens Door To Planet-Hacking Geoengineering Experiments

Harvard engineers who launched the world’s biggest solar geoengineering research program may get a dangerous boost from Donald Trump, environmental organizations are warning.

Under the Trump administration, enthusiasm appears to be growing for the controversial technology of solar geo-engineering, which aims to spray sulphate particles into the atmosphere to reflect the sun’s radiation back to space and decrease the temperature of Earth.

What is the true agenda of the weather warfare insanity being carried out in our skies? What are the ultimate objectives? Why would the Trump administration enthusiastically embrace, promote, and back geoengineering/climate intervention programs given the fact that Donald Trump and most of his appointees patently deny that there is any global warming in the first place? More excerpts from the Guardian article are below.

While geoengineering received little favour under Obama, high-level officials within the Trump administration have been long-time advocates for planetary-scale manipulation of Earth systems.

David Schnare, an architect of Trump’s Environmental Protection Agency transition, has lobbied the US government and testified to Senate in favour of federal support for geoengineering.

“Clearly parts of the Trump administration are very willing to open the door to reckless schemes like David Keith’s, and may well have quietly given the nod to open-air experiments,” said Silvia Riberio, with technology watchdog ETC Group. “Worryingly, geoengineering may emerge as this administration’s preferred approach to global warming. In their view, building a big beautiful wall of sulphate in the sky could be a perfect excuse to allow uncontrolled fossil fuel extraction. We need to be focussing on radical emissions cuts, not dangerous and unjust technofixes.” 4445 billboard on I-80 near Elko, Nevada (3/20/17). Photo credit: Steve Small

… former House speaker and Trump confidant Newt Gingrich was one of the first to start publicly advocating for geoengineering.

“Geoengineering holds forth the promise of addressing global warming concerns for just a few billion dollars a year,” he said in 2008, before helping launch a geoengineering unit while he ran the right-wing think tank American Economic Enterprise. “We would have an option to address global warming by rewarding scientific innovation. Bring on American ingenuity. Stop the green pig.” 445

Geoengineered skies, Hampstead, North Carolina. Photo credit: Sheen Perkins

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has also appeared to support geoengineering, describing climate change as an “engineering problem.” ExxonMobil’s funding of the climate denial industry is under investigation by attorney generals in the United States, but it’s less well known that ExxonMobil scientists under Tillerson’s reign as CEO were leading developers of geo-engineering technologies

Asked about solutions to climate change at an ExxonMobil shareholder meeting in 2015, Tillerson said that a “plan B has always been grounded in our beliefs around the continued evolution of technology and engineered solutions.”

The ongoing atmospheric particulate (SRM) spraying is undeniable as film footage proves.

Geoengineers argue that such methods would be an inexpensive way to reduce global warming, but scientists have warned it could have catastrophic consequences for the Earth’s weather systems.

Scientific modeling has shown that stratospheric spraying could drastically curtail rainfall throughout Asia, Africa and South America, causing severe droughts and threatening food supply for billions of people.

Climate engineering is not a “proposal”, it has long since been a lethal reality. This reality cannot be hidden in plain site for much longer as the cataclysmic consequences from the ongoing climate engineering / weather warfare assault manifest in every conceivable way. All of us are needed and essential in the most critical battle to fully expose the geoengineering insanity. If we can expose it, we can stop it, make your voice heard.

May be freely reprinted, so long as the text is unaltered, all hyperlinks are left intact, and credit for the article is prominently given to and the article’s author with a hyperlink back to the original story.


Sweden is planning to run entirely on renewable energy by 2040 – is there a rational public debate on this subject or just contradictory bipolar spin?

Chaotic Wind Power the Cause of South Australia’s Infamous Blackouts

On the other side of the picture, ecologists are not touching the most powerful arguments against generating electricity by burning coal, because to cite Dr. Marvin Herndon’s findings would turn them into “conspiracy theorists”, i.e. political lepers. Will adults at some point join the mainstream debate on energy?

U.S. Government Spraying Tons Of Toxic Coal Fly Ash Into Atmosphere Via Chemtrails