Herding Hordes of Hurricanes
Herding Hurricane Harvey
Let us look at how natural hurricanes are formed. Over the Tropics, as the warm air, loaded with moisture, rises, it condenses into massive thunder-clouds releasing vast quantities of latent heat causing the clouds to lift even higher. This latent heat is the fuel for storms. This condensation is made possible because of natural cloud condensation nuclei made up of salt, micro-organisms and other particles which water vapour agglomerates around. As the air and clouds lift, cool air rushes in to feed the void that is left. Given enough latent heat fuel, these storms can organise themselves into a system, spiralling around an ominous eye. A hurricane is born.
In a warming world, more water evaporates. Over land it sucks moisture from the ground, increasing atmospheric humidity but intensifying drought. Over the oceans, however, there is a virtually limitless supply of moisture, the atmospheric humidity is far greater and there is no land to denude of water.
It is logical to assume that this factor played a role in intensifying Harvey but the mediarologists` mainstream view as to why Harvey intensified just before it reached land is limited to the mantra that Gulf temperatures were far above average.
Yes, the temperatures of the Gulf were above normal, but so were the temperatures of the tropical oceans in the zones closer to the equator where hurricanes are formed. Hurricanes lose strength as they move north unless they are artificially augmented. This storm was a gaggle of clouds before it reached the gulf, which although warm, is still cooler than the tropical waters where it originated. This means that warmer waters alone cannot account for the behaviour of this storm.
I have outlined the history and means of hurricane modification in another work but in short, it involves the dispersal of aerosols into selected regions of the clouds. These aerosols, like the natural variety, cause water to condense around them releasing latent heat and causing the air to rise, drawing in more air and moisture and so intensifying the storm. These artificial aerosols can be deployed by means of both aircraft (only two needed for one hurricane) and ground and sea-based seeding systems.
This process can result in either intensification or mitigation depending upon where and when the aerosols are introduced into the storm system.
Harvey began as a tropical storm off the western coast of Africa on 13th August when a Hurricane Hunter aircraft was deployed to follow it as it made its way west, under the influence of the trade winds and a ridge of high pressure to the north, into the Caribbean sea, where it dissipated to a tropical depression on the 19th. On the 20th August the National Hurricane Centre “began monitoring the remnants of Harvey for redevelopment”. With the ridge of high pressure and its descending dry air to the north, storm development was expected to be limited until Harvey entered the north-western Caribbean sea where for some reason, “conditions were expected to become more conducive to tropical storm and hurricane conditions”.
The degree of modification here is so powerful as to alter the environmental wind fields. It is evident from the development of the hurricane that, far from being disrupted it was brewed to monster proportions in the gulf.
On August 25th, Harvey at Category 2, underwent an “eyewall replacement cycle”. We can assume this is code for hurricane seeding outside the eyewall setting up a competing eye which temporarily disrupts the organisation of the storm but, as the cloud seeds have an infinite supply of moisture, they eventually grow to precipitation size again and the storm becomes even stronger than before veering more to the northwest. About 20% of the direction of a hurricane is influenced internally by the effect of its size on what is called Beta Drift. Beta Drift causes the hurricane to head North West.
The larger the hurricane the stronger and faster it will head in that direction.
As Harvey made landfall, NEXRAD radar stations played a role in both augmenting and keeping the storm within defined boundaries.
In addition to augmentation, there are numerous ways pulsed radar can take out regions of storm systems. This can be because the beams are ramped up to such levels that they force the cloud nuclei to rapidly achieve precipitation size and rain out, leaving gaps or holes.
Now there is intense debate amongst the anti-geoengineering community about the nature of this manipulation and in particular, the role that artificial water vapour plays in it. I address this more thoroughly in part 7.
It will suffice here to say that, in my view, artificial water vapour generation in combination with other technologies does indeed play a huge role in modifying weather systems over land.
Remarkably, the storm made its way back out to sea just off the coast at Matagorda on August 28th. As it moved along the coast, it made another landfall on August 29th before being dragged north east by the environmental wind fields, weakening along the way. Its remnants finally became absorbed by the low-pressure system to the north on September 3rd.
Harvey had dumped an incredible 27,000,000,000,000 (27 trillion) gallons over 6 days covering Texas and Louisiana.
As outlined previously, about 20% of the direction of a hurricane is influenced by Beta Drift. The larger the hurricane the stronger and faster it will head to the North West.
The other 80% is influenced by the “environmental wind field”.
If a high-pressure ridge is positioned well to the east, then the hurricane is dragged northeast around the high’s western edge. However, if the ridge is further to the west and extends far enough to the south, the hurricane is forced further west before it veers to the northeast.
This occurred in the case of Harvey but there was also another high-pressure ridge to the north and west. High pressure air masses rotate clockwise as the dry air descends and this also blocked the passage of Harvey westwards. The environmental wind fields served to hold the storm in place as it vented it`s fury over Texas.