A Study in Infra-Red
Part twenty – The Ring of Fire
“Oh, but the fire went wild
I fell in to a burning ring of fire”
In part 19 we followed the path of augmented storms, clouds and ocean currents up the Atlantic and Pacific towards the Arctic where they pass through the curtain of ice nucleation laid down to both deceive mankind and to enhance the meltdown and break up of polar ice.
We have observed the uneven global warming that this has brought about.
As we approach this region beyond the north wind, where the natural order has been turned on its head, we should bear in mind the early intentions of the global powers to bring about a melting of the Arctic ice cap by such means as covering it with black carbon (soot) and altering cloud cover.
We have observed the increase in cloud cover over the Arctic and its consequent warming impact.
“Overall, relationships between ice, temperature, and clouds indicate that cloud changes in recent decades may enhance the warming of the Arctic and may be acting to accelerate the decline of Arctic sea ice.” Emphasis mine
Spatial distribution of trends in cloud cover over twenty years. Provided by Axel J. Schweiger.
We have also observed how black carbon (soot) from has found its way to the surface where it is deposited south of 71° N, yet within the Arctic circle, most likely by means of gas flaring, from industrial plants and offshore oil and gas rigs. It contributes 42% of emissions in a region that is five times more sensitive than anywhere else in the world and to a degree around twenty times greater.
Credit: Image courtesy of International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
This is in alignment with William Gray’s proposals for ground based dispensers of black carbon plumes for the purpose of snow/ice melting and enhancement of lower cloud convection. Gray modelled his ideas on actual carbon dust smoke plumes generated by carbon black plants and petroleum fires.
It is also in alignment with the proposals put forward by the super power formerly known as the USSR, which “had conducted numerous unpublicized but still detectable experiments apparently aimed at finding ways to speed melting of polar icecaps; and has even offered to join the United States in a project to turn the Arctic Ocean into a sort of warm water lake by melting the polar icecap.”
One means of achieving this was to entail:
“Lowering the albedo and raising the temperature. One school of thought hypothesizes that such a change might result in an ice free Arctic during the summer.”
As offshore oil gas rigs increase in number and encroach further north, levels of black carbon will only increase.
“So it’s not just a warming climate that’s beating back the ice floes; it’s the soot generated from myriad industrial operations in the region. Of course, as the ice melts, more and more of those industries will set up shop in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, etc, and spew more and more soot onto the embattled ice.”
“The flaring of gas is seen overhead at a drilling well in Novy Urengoi, Arctic Siberia, Russia, December 2014. © Justin Jin – Zone of Absolute Discomfort”
It is important to emphasize the fact that whilst Black Carbon levels have been increasing south of 71° N, they have been decreasing north of that latitude. This suggests that soot emitted within the Arctic Circle is the prime culprit. Gas flaring, for some reason, seems to contribute from around 42% to 52% of Black Carbon in this region, north of 66° N, than it does in the rest of the world, where it contributes around 3%.
Another source of Black Carbon deposited on the Arctic Ice, as documented by Jason Box, are tundra wildfires.
"Soot is an extremely powerful light absorber," Box said in a press release. "It settles over the ice and captures the sun's heat. That's why increasing tundra wildfires have the potential to accelerate the melting in Greenland."
Flying Over Dark Greenland Ice
Northern regions such as Alaska are experiencing record warmth and precipitation.
Because of this, there is a consequent increase in vegetation and thunderstorms, and so, wildfires in the Arctic region are larger, more numerous, and their season is longer every year.
Created by Sam Carana with screenshot from wunderground.com
Modelling of smoke plumes from the 2004 Alaska and Yukon forest fires over the Arctic
Wildfires are uncontrolled fires (at least once they have been started), fuelled by natural vegetation, that release carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, carbon black and combustion ash into the atmosphere.
“In general, wildfires are caused by a mixture of factors such as high temperatures, drought conditions following a period of vegetation growth and a trigger which can be natural such as lightning or human influenced such as arson.”
Carbon black, although hydrophobic and inefficient as a cloud seed, has a warming effect when it is deposited on the surface of the ice. Combustion ash from wood however, like coal fly ash, acts as very effective condensation and ice nuclei, enhancing cloud cover over the Arctic which has an overall warming influence in that region.
As far back as 1836, the US meteorologist James Pollard Espy (“The Storm King”) proposed burning forests to increase rainfall. This was not a new idea. Native Americans, along with the stereotypical dancing, since time immemorial had been burning the charred bark of lightning-struck trees as a form of sympathetic magic. This shows that they understood that it is ash that seeded clouds and not black carbon which is hydrophobic.
Of interest in relation to this notion, is the fact pointed out at 3:35 in the video below:
“Wildfires are almost always the result of human behaviour.”
In the video below, WeatherWar101 makes the case from around 13:40 that deliberately set “wildfires” springing up after sunset, in “conveniently coordinated groups” in the western US have been used for seeding cloud formations in conjunction with bursts of artificial water vapour generation. Note however that WW101 makes the common error of not distinguishing between combustion ash (effective cloud seed) and black carbon (hydrophobic).
Indeed, we see that, globally, wildfires have actually declined since the 1950’s, most probably due to better detection, regulation, and control methods.