A Study in Infra-Red
Part fourteen - The Secret Chord
“Now I’ve heard there was a secret chord
That David played, and it pleased the Lord
But you don't really care for music, do ya?
It goes like this…
The fourth, the fifth
The minor fall, the major lift
The HAARP technology, originally patented by Bernard Eastlund, uses high frequencies to focus a powerful radio beam onto specific locations in the ionosphere, 60 – 90 km above the planet’s surface. This layer accumulates electrical energy as a result and is lifted to a higher altitude. The atmospheric “bulge” can then bounce high frequency radio signals, which would previously have passed through the ionosphere, to points over the horizon. It has been speculated that elevating the ionosphere grants the ability to alter the course of jet streams and so influence the weather.
In the case of HAARP, this effect would be simulated by beaming radio waves into the ionosphere to induce electron cyclotron resonance, the heating of the vast quantities of electrons already present, triggering an avalanche of yet more to be funnelled by the earth’s magnetic field towards the poles.
These arrays located strategically throughout the planet, working in unison, over sustained periods, can significantly augment this electron avalanche effect.
As Dr Patrick Flanagan states in the same documentary – “It takes a tiny, tiny amount of energy to release a huge amount of energy.”
In 2005, the HAARP array alone managed to create a modest, artificial neon light show in the sky.
“The radio waves travel up to the ionosphere, where they excite the electrons in the plasma," Pederson told LiveScience. "These electrons then collide with atmospheric gasses, which then give off light, as in a neon tube."
Eastlund claimed that the radio beam could be used to artificially increase the concentrations of molecules such as ozone and nitrogen in the atmosphere. Alternatively, it could break up carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide or nitrous oxides.
However, scientists confirmed in the same year, 2005, that the solar wind, made up of energetic protons and electrons and spiralled along magnetic force lines to the poles, plays a role in destroying ozone by enhancing the generation of nitrogen oxides. The nitrogen gases are further mixed, by means of the polar stratospheric winds, with the ozone layer.
Solar wind hammers the ozone layer
Nitric oxide breaks down stratospheric ozone to form O2 and nitrogen dioxide.
NOAA Study Shows Nitrous Oxide Now Top Ozone-Depleting Emission
It would seem that, like the solar wind, this technology actually damages the ozone. Perhaps that is the point. The depletion of ozone globally was first detected in the late 70’s, around the same time as global warming took off.
Projects Argus in 1958 and Starfish in 1962 involved detonating nuclear bombs in the part of the lower Van Allen Belt closest to the earth's surface. This “injected sufficient electrons and other energetic particles into the ionosphere to cause world-wide effects. The electrons travelled back and forth along magnetic force lines, causing an artificial "aurora" when striking the atmosphere near the North Pole.”
Since 1968, the launching of numerous rockets, particularly from The Poker Flat Research Range, 50 km North of Fairbanks, Alaska (also the likely site of the real HAARP facility), and “Chemical Release Modules”. These are claimed to help scientists “understand chemical reactions in the atmosphere associated with global climate change". They involve the release of chemicals at high altitudes, causing aurorae borealis and artificial clouds with barium particles as ice nuclei. Chlorine, another chemical destructive to ozone, has also been injected into the stratosphere by means of rockets.
In 1982, the Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN) was developed by the military. It employed the use of dark beams which created energetic plasma in the atmosphere, becoming visible as smog or fog and also damaging the ozone layer.
In 2013, a US Navy lab experiment using HAARP, a several km wide plasma cloud was generated, 50 km below the ionosphere using a pulsed frequency of 1.44 - 4.34 Mhz. At the latitude of Fairbanks, Alaska, this placed the plasma cloud in the stratosphere.
NRL Scientists Produce Densest Artificial Ionospheric Plasma Clouds Using HAARP
Again, energetic plasma, when it interacts with sunlight, destroys ozone.
Today, it is clear that the technology has broken free from confinement to a few installations scattered around the planet. Other kinds of radar devices are being used as “heaters” over the North Pole. Take SPEAR for example, located on Svalbard above the Arctic circle at 78.15°N.
It emits radio waves, operating at frequencies between 4-6 MHz, into the ionosphere.
RADAR devices used as ‘heaters’ — Weather Modification via frequency
SPEAR apparently deposits into the ionosphere <1/10000 th of the energy of that deposited by the Sun. When you consider the size of the Sun, that, for one installation, is no small amount.
Combined with the 14 ionospheric heaters located around the globe, it could produce around 1/666 th the energy of the Sun. When you realize that there could be numerous other radar installations of the same kind on the ground or located on drilling rigs, boats, aircraft and even submarines in addition to the “research” stations, then the force-multiplier effect could be considerable.
Again, as Dr Patrick Flanagan states “It takes a tiny, tiny amount of energy to release a huge amount of energy.”
Taken together, the evidence suggests that rather than merely research, these were and are actual operations carried out in alignment with proposals to alter the upper atmosphere for the purposes of warming the climate. The methodology is based on simulating and augmenting the effect of the solar wind on the upper atmosphere of the Arctic region and creating artificial clouds.
Early geo-engineer, Harry Wexler, suggested in 1958 that destroying the ozone layer by spraying “several hundred thousand tons of chlorine or bromine” with a stratospheric airplane would abruptly increase the surface temperature of the Earth.
It is generally assumed today that removal of ozone, which normally traps a great deal of shortwave solar radiation thus heating the stratosphere, would result in a surface cooling. This is because the effect of the loss of ozone’s ability to trap outgoing Infra-Red (IR) energy would be greater than the temperature increase resulting from the additional Ultra-Violet (UV) radiation allowed through in its absence.
However, this does not take into account the effect that a cooling of the stratosphere would have on the increase in Polar Stratospheric Cloud (PSC) formation, which increase in frequency due to colder temperatures, amplified by stratospheric aircraft and rockets, emplacing great quantities of ice nuclei at that level.
Arctic ozone depletion and stratospheric temperature
PSCs would more than plug the hole as they trap greater amounts of IR energy than ozone, whilst at the same time allowing through the extra UV energy. This extra shortwave UV energy would be converted by the Earth into extra longwave IR energy, significantly increasing the temperature, as suggested by Wexler, to be trapped on its way out by the increased cloud cover, as suggested by Fletcher.
Let us review Polar Stratospheric Clouds:
Polar Stratospheric (Nacreous) Clouds, are very similar in nature to cirrus clouds except that they are found in the stratosphere. They form at temperatures around - 78°C, on ice nuclei such as mineral dust (and artificial aerosols), from water vapour supplied by convection and the breakdown of methane. They have a net-warming effect and minimal albedo due to forming in polar night regions.
Sloan and Pollard: Polar stratospheric clouds: A high latitude warming mechanism in an ancient greenhouse world
PSCs themselves also act as sites for the enhanced destruction of ozone molecules.
“Their surfaces act as catalysts which convert more benign forms of man-made chlorine into active free radicals (for example ClO, chlorine monoxide).”
“Cloud formation is doubly harmful because it also removes gaseous nitric acid from the stratosphere which would otherwise combine with ClO to form less reactive forms of chlorine.”
PSCs have been increasing in frequency and encroaching into the lower latitudes according to Gavin Pretor-Pinney, writing for the Guardian.
“The most beautiful clouds of all were once only commonly visible to those at the highest latitudes, such as Mawson station, in Antarctica. Now, across much of Britain, we too can watch the legacy of our troubled relationship with the atmosphere played out in glorious, mesmerising Technicolor. Emphasis mine
“Though nacreous clouds are officially known as "polar stratospheric clouds", they are now common over Scotland, and have been observed as far south as the Midlands.” Emphasis mine
“More nacreous clouds appear during colder winters, which lead to a greater subsequent depletion of ozone. The general increase in observations of these clouds is considered by some scientists as linked to man's contribution to global warming.” Emphasis mine
To be precise, it is stratospheric temperatures that need to get colder for PSCs to occur. The colder stratosphere and the warmer, underlying troposphere, are inextricably linked.
“Everyone is now familiar with the way all the CO2 we have introduced into the atmosphere since the industrial revolution has a tendency to trap the sun's heat into the lower atmosphere.” Emphasis mine
Not everyone is familiar with the way higher clouds, particularly artificial ones, have the tendency to do the same.
“Perhaps less commonly understood is that, by keeping more of the heat below, increased levels of greenhouse gases also tend to cool the atmosphere above. Lower average winter temperatures in the upper atmosphere might explain why nacreous clouds seem to be appearing with increased frequency and distribution.” Emphasis mine
Even less commonly understood is that clouds in the upper troposphere, which have increased along with greenhouse gases, also cool the atmosphere above by trapping heat below. In fact, aerosol induced PSC and cirrus cloud formation entraining water from the surrounding atmosphere, in line with the record of upper atmospheric humidity, revealing a decline, counter to a CO2 induced warming, is a better fit.
The predicted hotspot has been conspicuous by its absence over the long term, as radiosonde data has revealed.
Note both the increase in temperature from the bottom to the top of the troposphere in the northern latitudes and the uniform and extreme cooling of the stratosphere which one would expect from increased cirrus cloud cover trapping heat below, preventing it rising above the troposphere.
We can now return to Project Lucy, introduced in part 13 as means to breakdown methane in the atmosphere.
Lucy in the Sky
Arctic Methane Emergency Group (AMEG) member, Malcolm PR Light, proposed using radio transmitters to decompose methane in a desperate effort to reduce warming. His proposals were presented to the American Meteorological Society (AMS) in January 2016.
The idea is to use HAARP and other similar installations to transmit radio frequency pulses of 13.56 MHZ to attack atmospheric methane, which naturally decomposes by means of Sunlight, Oxygen and Hydroxyl (OH) over a period of around 15-20 years. Apparently, this is the frequency used by induction plasma generators for industrial breakdown of methane into ionized hydrogen and carbon atoms. It has been set aside so as not to interfere with safety, emergency, and military communications. It also has the most historical plasma research data. There is nothing inherently special about the frequency itself. Other frequencies could also be used to the same effect. This would render Light’s complicated proposals to set up interference patterns between radio frequency transmitters unnecessary.
Higher frequencies assist in exciting and freeing electrons which induce processes such as dissociation of molecules at lower temperatures than would otherwise occur. In this case, it would be methane molecules that would be broken down by severing the first hydrogen bond.
Light also proposed the use of polarised radio beams of the same 13.56 MHZ frequency to decompose water molecules from atmospheric humidity, mist, fog and ocean spray, into hydrogen and hydroxyl. The Hydroxyl radical (OH), known as the “cleanser of the atmosphere” accelerates the breakdown of Methane.
“The Lucy and Alamo (HAARP) projects were designed to break down atmospheric methane using radio - laser transmissions (Light and Carana 2013).
A modified version of the Lucy Project is illustrated in Figure 6. In this system three additional transmitters on three separate ships will have their antenna placed slightly lower than the main 13.56 MHZ methane destruction antennae. Recent experiments have shown that when a test tube of seawater was illuminated by a polarized 13.56 MHZ radio beam, that flammable gases (nascent hydrogen and hydroxyls) were released at the top of the tube (iopscience.iop.org, 2013;
www.i-sis.org.uk/canWaterBurn.php, 2013). In the modified version of the Lucy Project, hydroxyls will be generated by a polarized 13.56 MHZ beam intersecting the sea surface over the region where a massive methane torch (plume) is entering the atmosphere in order that the additional hydroxyl produced will react with the rising methane breaking a large part of it down. In the Arctic Ocean, the polarized 13.56 MHZ radio waves will decompose atmospheric humidity, mist, fog, ocean spray and the surface of the waves themselves into nascent hydrogen and hydroxyl.” Emphasis mine
When methane is broken down by oxidation, it forms carbon dioxide and water. This water is the source of around 50% of the water occurring in the stratosphere. As we know, this supplies the humidity necessary for the formation of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSCs). Thus, this application of the technology would also give rise to enhanced PSC cover. Curiously, Light does not discuss the resultant increase in PSC’s (also known as Nacreous clouds) but instead focuses on the resultant increase in Polar Mesospheric Clouds (PMCs), also known as Noctilucent clouds.
“Noctilucent clouds which are common in the Arctic form from water condensing around meteorite dust in the mesosphere above 50 km altitude and are becoming more and more abundant and are being seen at much lower latitudes. The increase in the methane concentration in the stratosphere and its oxidation in the mesosphere is resulting in more water at these high altitudes and an increase in the noctilucent clouds. The noctilucent clouds help reflect the suns heat back into space so if we can break down more methane with the HAARP or Lucy transmitters we should generate more clouds and thus help reverse global warming by:-
a) Getting rid of the high global warming potential methane at low altitudes and in the stratospheric global warming veil.
b) Generating sunshine reflecting noctilucent clouds in increasing amounts in the mesosphere which will reflect the suns energy back into space.” Emphasis mine
PMC’s occur higher than PSC’s, over 50km in the Mesosphere, the layer above the Stratosphere.