How to Modify a Hurricane
Today there are numerous forms of technology that can be deployed to augment, mitigate and steer hurricanes and storm systems. Augmentation involves nurturing pre-existing storms that have already been brewed from oceans transformed by Phil-anthropogenic Global Warming into giant heat reservoirs. Mitigation involves disrupting the organization of the storm and/or drawing moisture away from it. Steering involves reducing its size and thus Beta Drift. around it. About 20% of the direction of a hurricane is influenced internally by the effect of its size on what is called Beta Drift. Beta Drift causes the hurricane to head North West. The larger the hurricane the stronger and faster it will head in that direction. About 80% of the direction is influenced externally by altering the environmental wind field.
On the ocean, aerosol payloads deployed by aircraft in selected regions can build up the cumulonimbus clouds that fuel the storm and once a hurricane has formed, deployment of aerosols in the eyewall will intensify it still further.
For mitigation, seeding outside the eyewall will set up a competing eye that draws moisture from the original. These weakens the winds and stalls the storm for a while. However, eventually the ice crystals collect enough moisture to feed the storm again which returns at full strength or even stronger.
The aircraft that fly into tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans to gather weather data are also equipped with the means to modify these storm systems in the manner described by Ben Livingston. Some of them even officially carry aerosol microphysics payloads, for the purposes of “research”, of course. They are also fitted with Doppler weather radar.
A NOAA WP-3D Orion weather reconnaissance aircraft
“The WP-3s were designed to tolerate large amounts of damage since they are the aircraft that actually fly into the eye of hurricanes. The WP-3 can be thought of as a flying research lab as it is equipped to take atmospheric measurements. One of the most distinct parts of the WP-3 is the giant circular black belly radar.”
NOAA's Gulfstream IV-SP
“The G-IV is a high altitude jet that can fly up to 45,000 feet.”
“The G-IV flies around the periphery of both tropical and winter storms, including hurricanes, and drops sondes in order to gather data about the surrounding environment.”
The enhanced modification of these storm systems would involve deployment of aerosols in the form of payloads and the application of pulsed radar (as outlined by WW101) under the cover of “research”. This would be in combination with an ocean already warmed by cirrus cloud over-seeding.
These aircraft are also deployed for winter storms.
"We fly predetermined tracks that the National Weather Service have designed for these types of storms," said Lt. Col. Jon Talbot, the squadron senior meteorologist.”
Designing predetermined tracks for storms. Interesting.
Cloud Seeding Candidates
Lead iodide, along with silver iodide, were the ice nuclei that were determined in the mid-40s to be the most effective candidates for cloud seeding. Lead oxides and mixtures with ammonium iodide were later found to be similar, if not better, ice nuclei than silver and lead iodide. Later still, it was found that pure lead-containing materials were not required for ice nucleation; instead, lead need only be present as a surface inclusion on an inert core.
Lead, in addition to being an ice nuclei itself, has the effect of “supercharging” pre-existing particles, making even more highly efficient nuclei.
Today, however, the logical candidate for the main source of ice nuclei would again be our prime suspect for the cirrus cloud over-seeding operation, coal fly ash. Containing a toxic cocktail of heavy metals such as Aluminium, Barium and Lead, the cloud seed par excellence. It works as both an effective ice nuclei and cloud condensation nuclei. This means it will seed upper level cirrus clouds and lower level cumulus clouds. It also provides the ultimate cover for such an operation, redirecting attention on pollution emitted by smokestacks and so framing humanity. “If everybody is guilty, nobody is guilty”.
As outlined in Rain Trance, cooling towers play a role on the mainland, islands and peninsulas that the storm passes over. They provide significant quantities of sequentially released, super-heated moisture and aerosols from the smokestacks that enhance the storm systems as they pass over, building up along the way.
As outlined by WeatherWar101, another form of technology employing beams of microwave frequency, emitted on land from the ubiquitous network of NEXRAD and other Doppler Radar systems, if sustained at the appropriate frequency and power levels will excite the electrons in the air until a chain reaction occurs. The freed electrons accelerate cloud condensation, supplementing the deployed aerosols, releasing vast quantities of latent heat and augmenting storm systems to unprecedented levels.
This process of releasing latent heat is a far more subtle one than attempting to heat the air with sensible heat, like using a key to open a door rather than a sledgehammer. Several researchers, contrary to logic, mistakenly assume these beams bring about high pressure. Heat, whether sensible or latent, causes air and moisture to rise reducing the pressure below and causing cooler air to wind in, a low-pressure system.
Other researchers put this all down to HAARP, the single facility based in Alaska. The term “HAARP” should actually refer to the technology behind both an overt and covert global network of huge, land-based antenna arrays, sea based mobile platforms, drilling rigs, satellites, land based radar stations (particularly NEXRAD), radar located on vehicles (such as tornado chasers), boats, submarines and aircraft.
In other words, “HAARP” in this sense, is ubiquitous.
The aircraft sent to “research” hurricanes and large storm systems are also fitted with radar. Pulsed radar will supplement and enhance the condensation caused by the aerosols, releasing latent heat.
In addition to augmentation, there are numerous ways pulsed radar can take out regions of storm systems. This can be because the beams are ramped up to such levels that they force the cloud nuclei to rapidly achieve precipitation size and rain out, leaving gaps or holes.
Sea Based Seeders
Sea-based radar platforms, buoys, and ships fitted with onboard radar emitting ship tracks can also influence the storm from below in the same fashion.
There are numerous ships involved with research, such as NOAA Ron Brown which hosts Lidar and Radar.
Of course, ship tracks would also play a role when laid down ahead of the predetermined path of storms. Like contrails but lower down, these are clouds that form around the exhaust of the ship, sulphur dioxide (sulphates have a greater influence on lower clouds) and mineral ash.
Geoengineering proposals include using boats that atomise seawater and spray the fine vapour into the lower level clouds. This would provide the water vapour. Although water vapour should be abundant over the ocean under a warming world. Potentially these boats would be useful over the horse latitude regions where the descending high-pressure air hampers cloud formation.
Also known as soot, if laid down ahead by aircraft will also warm the waters ahead of a storm, facilitating convection if augmentation is the aim.
For mitigation, it can be used like aerosols, to set up a competing eye. Gray’s proposals for use of black carbon included those for hurricane mitigation. Like Joanne Simpson’s proposals, these involved creating competing convection cells that would weaken the eye of the hurricane. Black carbon laid down closer to the eye wall, however would intensify the hurricane.
If deployed directly above the eye, warming the cool, high-pressure air that normally descends down it, black carbon can disrupt the organization of the hurricane. However, this is risky as it may find its way to the eyewall.
The Wind Field
About 80% of the direction of the hurricane is influenced by the “environmental wind field”. If a high-pressure ridge is positioned to the east, then it’s dragged northeast around the high’s western edge. However, if the ridge is to the west and extends far enough to the south, it’s forced west. Today, directing of a hurricane most probably also involves a primary modification of the high and low-pressure systems (the wind field) around it.
Such modification by means of cooling and warming air masses is covered in part 6.
Research as Covert Cover
As we have seen, all these facilities or those of a similar nature, could well be used in a covert fashion, on a much larger scale for the purposes of climate/weather modification. Research projects would provide the perfect cover for such operations, whilst also supplying essential feedback.